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Showing posts from September, 2016

Ovarian removal to prevent ovarian cancer should not be an option for most premenopausal women, Mayo research finds

ROCHESTER, Minn. – A Mayo Clinic research team has found evidence suggesting that the controversial practice of ovary removal in premenopausal women to prevent ovarian cancer should be discontinued in women who are not at high risk of cancer. The study showed that women under 46 who had both ovaries removed experienced a significantly elevated risk [...]

from Mayo Clinic Minnesota news

Women’s health paper offers insight on antidepressant-induced female sexual dysfunction

ROCHESTER, Minn. — One in 6 women in the U.S. takes antidepressants to improve her well-being, but what is she to do when the medication that is meant to help disrupts another area of her life? Sexual dysfunction is a common side effect for women on antidepressants, but a new article by the Women’s Health [...]

from Mayo Clinic Minnesota news

Lakeland Regional Health joins Mayo Clinic Care Network; selection highlights patient focus, cultural alignment

Lakeland, Fla. — Today, Lakeland Regional Health and Mayo Clinic announced the start of a new collaborative relationship with the addition of Lakeland Regional Health to the Mayo Clinic Care Network. This formal agreement facilitates the transfer of shared knowledge between the two organizations to enhance the delivery of health care to the patients of Lakeland [...]

from Mayo Clinic Minnesota news

Mayo Clinic celebrates ‘Defining Innovation’ with Heritage Days Oct. 1-7

ROCHESTER, Minn. — Mayo Clinic’s annual Heritage Days takes place next week, Oct. 1-7. The festivities will be held across all Mayo Clinic locations. This year’s theme, “Defining Innovation,” places special emphasis on the career and life of Henry Plummer, M.D. Heritage Days’ mission is to thank all members of the Mayo Clinic community for [...]

from Mayo Clinic Minnesota news

Hidden gem celebrates 50 years of making a difference in population health

ROCHESTER, Minnesota — It has been 50 years since Leonard Kurland, M.D., came from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to Rochester and established what would become a world-class, but often overlooked, gem in health care research: the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP). Dr. Kurland’s vision was a big data storehouse containing the full health and [...]

from Mayo Clinic Minnesota news

From the research lab to clinical care: Innovators in precision medicine available for media interviews

ROCHESTER, Minn. — What’s often been considered the next generation of health care is here now —ready to arrive at your doctor’s office. Experts in individualized medicine — also known as personalized or precision medicine — will be in Rochester on Oct. 5-6, 2016, presenting ways to integrate genomic medicine into patient care. They will [...]

from Mayo Clinic Minnesota news

Tune in to webcasts and Facebook Live for what's next in personalized patient care

ROCHESTER, Minn. — Individualized medicine, also known as precision or personalized medicine, is the concept that prediction, diagnosis, treatment and, eventually, prevention can be matched to an individual patient based on genetics, environment and lifestyle. The Mayo Clinic Center for Individualized Medicine is a catalyst in moving personalized medicine from the laboratory to clinical care. [...]

from Mayo Clinic Minnesota news

Getting Included on Work Drinks

How can one approach a situation where most staff on the floor go out at the end of the week for Friday night drinks but not everyone is included. It feels horrible to hear them talk about their drinks the following week. As a solution I thought of organizing drinks that included everyone on the floor. This would be held on a different Friday or other night at a different location to avoid a clash.However when I suggested this to my manager (to have someone to co organize it with) they discussed it with their manager, it got out that someone had “complained”, staff started accusing X a colleague so I had to advise my manager of this and ask they quickly address this to avoid an innocent staff member being bullied. I was then advised I’d blown it all out of proportion, being negative and going on a witch hunt and not to email the whole floor suggesting drinks. I of course advised that I had come up with a positive solution, I wasn’t doing the witch hunting and that I had to respond to …

Mental Health Support Aids Those with Breast Cancer

Sadly, close to 300,000 American women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year. For many, initial reactions to learning that they have the illness include fear, anger, and denial.Unfortunately, the feelings may escalate. Dealing with the psychological fallout of such a diagnosis can be crucial to patients’ physical recovery. As they weigh their medical options, patients also should consider their emotional and mental options.“Breast cancer is more than skin deep. It’s not just about your external body image. It’s not just about secondary sexual characteristics. It’s not just about breasts. It’s more than that.“The psyche and the physical body are interconnected, so you really can’t address one and not the other,” said Dr. Georita Frierson, director of Clinical Training for the Clinical Psychology Ph.D. Program at Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey.Frierson believes breast cancer patients should consider the following, based on research she and others have conducted, as they fi…

Attractiveness Judged by Group Composition

New research from the UK suggests that if you want to be considered as good-looking, then it is best to hang out with a group of relatively unattractive individuals.In the study, Royal Holloway University of London investigators discovered judgements of attractiveness vary depending on who is nearby, and how good-looking they are in comparison.A person will rank higher on a scale of attractiveness when compared alongside less attractive people, than they would when judged alone.The finding runs counter to common opinion that a person’s perceived level of attractiveness is somewhat fixed. However, the new study shows that context is key to assessing attractiveness.Dr Nicholas Furl, a psychology professor and author of the study explains: “Rightly or wrongly, the way people look has a profound impact on the way others perceive them. We live in a society obsessed with beauty and attractiveness, but how we measure and understand these concepts is still a grey area.”He continued, “Until no…

Grit and Low Self-Esteem

From the U.S.: I was wondering if it were possible for people to have a strength called ‘grit’ while also having low self-esteem, and if that is considered rare, or what researchers would identify as an outlier in some studies. If it isn’t rare, then how is this possible?I grew up with a battery of childhood traumatic experiences, and one of the resulting symptoms include low self-esteem. However, despite my lifelong internalizing adversities related to the traumas I had experienced, I’ve been able to somehow remain positive (at least intellectually, but not always emotionally), goal-oriented, empathetic toward others, a high achiever, etc. Depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem have always been there, and it is a daunting, nearly everyday battle. I’ve had a lot of therapy to help me cope over the years, but even before treatment decades ago, I was always gritty. I won awards in college and was told by a few of my professors that I had this thing called ‘grit,’ or was very resilient…

Mouse Study Shows Alcohol Alters Molecular Path Like Rapid Antidepressants

New research suggests having a few drinks when you are down may indeed help your mood.In the mouse study, investigators found that alcohol produces the same neural and molecular changes as drugs that have proven to be rapidly effective antidepressants.Wake Forest investigators say the effects are explained by biochemistry.“Because of the high comorbidity between major depressive disorder and alcoholism there is the widely recognized self-medication hypothesis, suggesting that depressed individuals may turn to drinking as a means to treat their depression,” said the study’s principal investigator, Kimberly Raab-Graham, Ph.D.“We now have biochemical and behavioral data to support that hypothesis.” This, however, does not at all suggest that alcohol can be regarded as an effective treatment for depression.“There’s definitely a danger in self-medicating with alcohol,” Raab-Graham said. “There’s a very fine line between it being helpful and harmful, and at some point during repeated use se…

New Weight Loss Approach Helps People Keep It Off

Losing weight is often not as difficult as maintaining the weight loss over time. A new study suggest a new behavioral treatment method can help people lose more weight and keep it off longer than traditional methods.The new approach is called Acceptance-Based Behavioral Treatment (ABT), a strategy that links the weight loss effort to a larger personal value beyond weight loss for its own sake. This approach was found to help people adhere to diet and physical activity goals better than a traditional approach in a randomized clinical trial.Traditional weight loss strategies or Standard Behavioral Treatment (SBT) classically encourage reduced caloric intake and increased physical activity.The study was part of the well regarded Mind Your Health trial, and is one of the first of its kind. Investigators found that participants who received ABT (which includes all behavioral skills taught in SBT) lost 13.3 percent of their initial weight at one year, compared to 9.8 percent weight loss at…

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Am I a Sociopath or Psychopath or Just Weird?

Hello all, I have been asking this question my all life. I have a lot of feelings toward pet like my puppy but nearly none towards humans. I tend to do things to manipulate to make them think of me as a good person who cares about them so they would come in handy when I need them. The thing is I am totally unaware of my doings when I do it but only after when I start to analyze my actions later. I realize that my actions become something natural, like it’s common sense for me to pretend that I care about someone. And when I come to sense later, I would feel odd about myself but no guilt or distress.I have very bad temper but amazingly good at controlling it. I tried to put myself into many situations and I realized I tend to stay really calm no matter what. No signs of fear or freaking out. I put myself in motor accidents, rule breaking, etc. I did not feel a lot.But I absolutely have emotions and absolutely have never done anything to hurt insects or any other animals. However, I hav…

Depression In Pregnancy Ups Risk of Emotional Problems in Kids

UK researchers have discovered that maternal depression in pregnancy increases the risk of behavioral and emotional problems in children.This association is especially pronounced in low and middle income countries where interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy, may not be available.Depression in pregnancy is thought to affect up to one in five women globally in the late stages of pregnancy and shortly after birth. Depression often presents as a low mood and feelings of hopelessness.Experts believe it can result from a number of factors including life events such as bereavement, and changes in brain chemistry.Previous work from a team at Imperial College London suggests depression during pregnancy may affect the development of the baby while in the womb, as well as affecting bonding between mother and child after birth.Now, the same team have shown that depression or anxiety can reduce the enzyme in the placenta that breaks down the ‘stress hormone’ cortisol, possibly causing…

Emotional Issues May Accompany Early Menopause

For many women, menopause is a welcomed stage of life as they are through with childbearing and are ready to end monthly periods and worries about pregnancy.New research from the University of Michigan, however, finds that women should be careful what they wish for as menopause may a time of unintended consequences. Specifically, investigators discovered menopause may be prolonged and accompanied by physical and mental health issues.Researchers from the U-M School of Public Health and Medical School found that women who are younger than 45 when they first notice changes in their monthly cycles and other symptoms can have a longer menopausal transition than those who begin it at age 51 or later.The length of the transition can be nearly double for younger women than for those who enter the transition later, 8.57 versus 4.37 years.“The duration of the menopausal transition—the time from when a woman notices a distinct change in the frequency or regularity of her menstrual cycles to the …

Worried about My Son

From the U.S.: I am pretty much concerned about my 2-year-old son. About 5 months ago, me & my husband noticed that he constantly crosses his fingers (like when you cross them for good luck) with both hands. After researching, I felt scared. I found a lot of websites mentioning those type of finger movements as early indicators for autism. He has no delay in language, however, and he does point at things when he wants them. He also smiles, but does’t interact. Later, my fear increased after noticing he NEVER plays with his toys in a “normal” way. He only picks them up and throws them. He doesn’t look at me most of the time, and he throws horrible tantrums when guests come to our house, and when being picked up. What is the best thing to do right now?A: What you need to do is get him evaluated! I understand why it may be frightening. I understand why there may be a part of you that doesn’t really want to know. But the fact is that early detection is key to getting help for your chi…

First Time on The Pill May Increase Risk of Depression

A new study may have implications across the globe as researchers determined first time users of birth control pills may have an increased risk of depression.As published in JAMA Psychiatry, researchers discovered the link between a first diagnosis of depression among women in Denmark when beginning hormonal contraception. The link was especially pronounced among adolescents.Few studies have quantified the effect of low-dose hormonal contraception on the risk for depression. Mood symptoms are known reasons for cessation of hormonal contraceptive use.Øjvind Lidegaard, M.D., D.M.Sc., of the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, and coauthors used registry data in Denmark for a study population of more than 1 million women and adolescent girls (ages 15 to 34). They were followed up from 2000 through 2013 with an average follow-up of 6.4 years.During the follow-up, 55 percent of the women and adolescents were current or recent users of hormonal contraception. There were 133,178 first prescri…

Exercise Can Still Increase Hunger Even in Sleep Deprivation

Individuals who experience chronic lack of sleep are at greater risk of becoming overweight and obese, in part because sleep deprivation leads to eating more, making unhealthy food choices and craving high-calorie foods.In a new study, researchers at Uppsala University investigated how levels of endocannabinoids — which target the same receptors as cannabis — are affected by lack of sleep, and whether acute exercise can modulate this effect. They found instead that exercise tends to increase hunger, even in sleep deprivation, potentially due to its ability to reduce stress.“Previous studies have shown alterations in the levels of some hunger hormones after sleep loss, but the results have been mixed and hormones that drive hedonic food intake have been less investigated,” says lead author of the new study Jonathan Cedernaes, M.D., Ph.D, at Uppsala University.“Furthermore, whereas exercise has many beneficial effects, whether exercise can modulate the effects of sleep loss on various h…

Heather Grove on Fleet Farming

Heather co-created Stetson University’s garden and farmers market and served as the founding Community Director of Orlando's East End Market. After interning with the USDA, researching food systems in Central Florida and abroad, Heather returned to her hometown to help rebuild Orlando’s local food system in 2011, where she helped bring Fleet Farming to life. She now works on sustainable agriculture and rural development projects abroad while consulting new branches of Fleet Farming around the world.IN THIS PODCAST: Greg gets a chance to meet Heather who is leading a transformative new community farming program called Fleet Farming. You might have heard about the new idea of community gardening through donated front lawns and volunteers traveling on bikes to farm the plots. Heather explains how the program was created and how far it has expanded at this point. It all started with a brainstorming event looking to help localize the food system, and it now is to be replicated in citie…

Mayo Clinic physicians present research findings at 2016 ASTRO Annual Meeting

ROCHESTER, Minn. — Mayo Clinic physicians will present findings at the 2016 American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) Annual Meeting Sept. 25-28 in Boston. Key Mayo Clinic-led studies include:  Radiosurgery, not whole-brain radiotherapy should be the standard of care following surgical resection of metastatic brain tumors Embargoed until Sunday, Sept. 25, at 3:15 p.m. [...]

from Mayo Clinic Minnesota news

Depression, Suicide Verbalization, Excessive Drinking & Threats

Our 25 year old daughter is suffering and we feel helpless. She has struggled for many years with alcohol abuse, drugs and relationships. Her reaction to stress has increased significantly over the last months; melt-downs, destroying property, threatening with knives, excessive drinking, DUI, and severe depression. She refuses to go to the hospital for treatment although she has seen a specialist before. She is more and more becoming a danger to her own safety and those around her. When stressed or emotional she finds people who are enablers but leave her stranded in the most dangerous of places within inner. She has current issues with violations of public drunkenness, DUI, and now assault. What are our options as parents to get her the medical treatment she needs and to protect her and others even though she refuses to recognize or accept the dangers.A. Unfortunately, you have few options in this situation because she is an adult. Even if she were diagnosed with a mental illness, th…

Elderly Willing to Take Medical Risks if Benefits Support

New research finds that older people are even more willing that young adults to take medical risks if they perceive the benefits to be high enough.The discovery was surprising as we tend to think that older people are likely to avoid taking risks, especially compared with younger people. Investigators discovered, however, that when confronted with decision on risky medical treatments, such as vaccines and chemotherapy, older people are even more willing than younger adults to take medical risks if the benefits are aligned.“Given the high financial and personal costs associated with medical-related risk behavior, gaining better insights into adult lifespan changes in medical risk-taking tendencies and perceptions is paramount,” the study authors note.In the United States, the average 85-year-old spends about $17,000 per year on his or her health, while adults in their 20s spend less than one tenth of that sum, or $1,448.Despite the growing importance of medical decision-making by the e…

Children of Suicide Victims Need Support

A new doctoral dissertation finds that talking about suicide is associated with such strong stigma that young people whose parents have taken their own life often must turn to the internet to express their grief and receive support.The thesis represents the view of Anneli Silvén Hagström from Linköping University in Sweden. Given that Sweden has a socialist health care system, Hagström laments that the healthcare system is not providing support for young people in the difficult life situation.However, she admits the root problem is cultural. The topic is relevant as around 1,500 people take their own life in Sweden each year, five times as many as deaths in road accidents in the country. They leave behind relatives, who in many cases are left to cope with their grief on their own.“If your house is burgled, several organizations whose task is to support the victims of crime may contact you and ask how you’re feeling. But not many people ask how you’re feeling when a parent has taken hi…

Put Kids Ahead of Parents in Divorced Homes

A new book by a University of Virginia psychology professor has a simple message: divorcing parents should be parents so that kids can be kids.The advice is salient as divorce rates push near 50 percent in the United States with more than 40 percent of children being born outside of marriage. As a result, more and more children are at risk of losing their childhoods because their parents cannot, or will not, put their differences aside.Behaviors like bickering and pitting one parent against the other endanger kids’ few precious years of childhood and can set them on the path to unhealthy relationships in their own lives, Emery said.“Two Homes, One Childhood: A Parenting Plan to Last a Lifetime,” is Emery’s fifth book on divorce and his second aimed specifically at parents.He says as hard as it can be, parents must rise above the sadness, anger and heartache to focus on their parenting plan, one that takes into account a growing child’s evolving physical and emotional needs.“Really, th…

Feeling Paralyzed Everyday

By all accounts, I should be highly successful. I know this because people who don’t know me that well are always impressed by me. I am fairly good looking, have a high IQ, am witty, charming, can strike a conversation with anyone on anything and can come up with solutions fast.The problem I am facing is that each day I move through life like a zombie. I am failing at every aspect of my life which shocks me because I should be doing very well. I don’t earn enough to feed my dog, and always quarreling with my wife about money, don’t bother helping out with the housework and kids.I just don’t do anything and I can’t figure out why. The main issue is my job. I am a salesman and by all account should be excellent at it. I know my products extremely well and can be extremely convincing about it. But I do not see a single customer everyday. Instead, when people are around I look busy but when I am alone I goof off watching tv or playing video games.I am so stressed out by my lack of money a…

Chronic Poverty Linked to Cognitive Dysfunction in Midlife

Sustained economic hardship among young people is strongly linked to poor cognitive function in midlife and may contribute to premature aging, according to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.Although previous research has shown that exposure to poor socioeconomic conditions during childhood and/or adulthood is associated with cognitive deficits, most of these studies involved older adults, offering little data on whether poverty can influence cognitive health earlier in life.“Income is dynamic and individuals are likely to experience income changes and mobility especially between young adulthood and midlife,” said lead investigator Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri, PhD, of the Division of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health Sciences at the University of Miami.“Monitoring changes in income and financial difficulty over an extended period of time and how these influence cognitive health is of great public health interest.”The researchers investigated the effects of s…

Employers Across the Globe Must Take Pro-Active Approach to Manage Depression

New data released from the London School of Economics shows that workplace depression is a major issue across different cultures and economies.The effects of employee depression are “wide and devastating” consequences for thousands of organizations worldwide, say the investigators.In a study of eight countries spanning diverse cultures and GDP, researchers discovered depression is collectively costing the nations of Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, Korea, Mexico, South Africa and the USA more than $246 billion a year.Data from a survey of 8000 employees across these countries reveals that more highly educated employees, in particular, have a more negative impact if they remain at work while depressed. Researchers believe this occurs because managers and professionals are more likely to manage others and therefore their issues may cause problems that are felt down the line.Researchers explain that this is the first study of its kind in the world to analyze the impact of depression on work…

12-Year-Old Son Wears His Sisters Underwear & Make Up

From the U.S.: I found numerous pairs of my daughters underpants and a couple bras in my 12 year old sons room. I have also caught him playing with our make up and putting on mascara. When I questioned him about this he said he sometimes wears the under garments. I’m not sure what to make of this. When he was 4 he loved to wear his sisters undies, but I chalked it up to being a 4 year old. I don’t know if this is something he has just started doing again or if he’s hid it well through the years. I’m not sure what to make of this or how I should handle it. I didn’t shame him or get angry with him. Do I just ignore it and hope it stops, do I tell him it’s not ok, do I seek further help? I don’t know what to do. I can’t stop worrying there is something wrong.A: Good for you for not shaming or blaming. As a preteen, your son is in the beginning stages of determining his sexuality. Parental positive attitude and support are central to helping him develop a healthy sense of self.Your son, y…

Brain Scans Show Effects of Therapeutic Brain Stimulation

Amazing new research provides clinicians with visual evidence of brain networks and how electrical stimulation of the brain helps to reset or stimulate specific brain regions.It is well established that stimulating the brain via electricity or other means may help to ease the symptoms of various neurological and psychiatric disorders. Clinical practices often use the approach to treat conditions ranging from epilepsy to depression.But what really happens when doctors zap the brain?Little is known about what makes this technique effective, or which areas of the brain should be targeted to treat different diseases.A new study led by the University of Pennsylvania and the University at Buffalo marks a step forward in filling these gaps in knowledge. The research describes how the stimulation of a single region of the brain affects the activation of other regions and large-scale activity within the brain.“We don’t have a good understanding of the effects of brain stimulation,” said first …